21 Oct. 2019

By: Anirudh
September 2016 was a significant moment in Indian telecom history. Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited or Jio launched an unprecedented revolution in the Indian telecom sector. Offering mobile data at minimal charges marked a steep change in how Indians consumed the internet. The results were evident. The most drastic growth was seen in rural areas where internet connectivity was inferior earlier. Rural India witnessed an astonishing 35% growth in internet connectivity in the past year itself. It is expected that similar and even better results will be seen when the next generation of telecom networks starts hitting the market. This path-breaking new technology is called 5-G or the fifth generation, which follows the 1G,2G,3G, and the more recent 4G technologies. We can define 5G as the fifth-generation cellular network technology. It will take a much more significant role than previous generations.5G will raise the mobile network not only to interconnect people but also interconnect and control machines and devices. It will deliver higher levels of performance and efficiency that will empower new user experiences and connect new industries. 5G will deliver multi-Gbps speed rates, ultra-low latency, huge capacity, and a more consistent user experience. Let’s take a look at the vast benefits of 5-G technology. 5G is a groundbreaking kind of network: a technology that not only enhances today’s mobile data services but will also allow mobile networks to support a great diversity of devices and services that earlier required more expensive optical fibre internet services. 5-G can connect new industries with improved performance, efficiency, and cost. It will redefine a broad range of industries with connected services from the commercial sector to education, automobile to entertainment, and everything in between. Some industry experts have gone as far as to describe 5G technology as transformative as the automobile and electricity industry. According to a landmark 5G Economy study, it was revealed that 5-G technology could potentially produce around $12 trillion worth of goods and services in the subsequent years. The study also showed that the 5G related value chain (OEMs, content creators, app developers, software engineers) could alone generate up to $3.5 trillion in aggregate revenue by mid-2030s and support around 20 million jobs, or more than one job for every person in New Delhi, India. Now the main question on an average internet user’s mind will be related to the speed of this new technology.5G is expected to deliver peak data rates up to 20 Gbps as per IMT-2020 requirements. But 5G is much more than the impressive high speeds it would provide. In addition to higher speeds, 5G will provide much more network capacity by expanding into new spectra, such as millimetre wave (mmWave). 5G will also deliver much lower latency than the previous technologies for a quicker response time so that the internet speeds stay consistently high even when users are moving around, which was a problem with the current 4-G setup. Now the main question arises: when will 5-G come out? This is a complicated question to answer. Even though India is targeting 2020 for 5G roll-out, allocation of 5G spectrum to operators for 5G trial of use cases hasn’t begun. One would guess that it would take another 5-6 years to reach the masses in India. Even though we are a few years away from a full-fledged 5-G experience, we still have a reason to be excited given the scope and revolutionary nature of this technology. Also, with the increased importance given to this technology by the Niti Ayog and the IT department of the Government, an earlier rollout can’t be ruled out. Whenever 5-G may come out, it is bound to change the Indian telecom sector as Jio did back in 2016.